Explore the most beautiful corners of England, Belgium and in the Netherlands in their cultural highlights
MOZART'S STAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN - BELGIUM - NETHERLANDS
On his extensive trip through Western Europe from 1763 - 1766 W.A. Mozart set out from Salzburg and traveled through Germany and Belgium to Paris from where he continued via Calais to England. The Mozart family spent a total of 15 months in England. Wolfgang and his sister Nannerl gave a number of concerts, including concerts for the King and the Queen. W.A. Mozart also met Johann Christian Bach in London who greatly influenced his musical style. It was while in London that W.A. Mozart composed his first symphonies.
Canterbury - Chelsea - Dover - London
W.A. Mozart stopped in what is now Belgium on his way to France during his extensive journey across Western Europe to Paris and London. Eight cities bore witness to the child prodigy.
Antwerpen - Bruxelles - Gent - Leuven/Louvain - Liège - Mechelen - Mons - Tirlemont
Mozart and his family stayed in the Netherlands from September 1765 to April 1766. Invitated by Caroline, Princes of Nassau Weilburg, they travelled from France via England and Belgium to the Netherlands.
In the Hague Nannerl got ill first and later on also Wolfgang fell ill, suffering from typhus. At the request of the Princes both of them were treated by the royal doctor and luckily he was able to cure them both.
In the Netherlands concerts were given in the cities Utrecht, Amsterdam, Haarlem and The Hague and they also stayed in Moerdijk and Rotterdam.
While in the Netherland Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed no less than twelve musical works, including two symphonies, K.22 and K.45a/A221, and Galli Matthias Musicum, K.32.
How do we see Mozart today? Mozart was a real European, what can we say about this in our modern view to Europe. Furthermore we will look at Mozart in the Netherlands. When Mozart visited our country he was just a little boy and visited Utrecht, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, The Hague, Moerdijk and Haarlem. During his visit in The Hague he and his sister Nannerl got very ill but fortunately the doctor of the princes was able to cure both of them. At Den Haag the Mozart sonatas K. 26-31 have been edited for the first time.
Amsterdam - Den Haag - Haarlem - Moerdijk - Rotterdam - Utrecht
The second half on their extensive trip through Western Europe (1763-65) the Mozart family spent in Great Britain and the Netherlands, there from 15 month at London and Chelsea. Wolfgang and Nannerl his sister performed several concerts also for King George III and the Queen. Wolfgang presented his piano sonatas K. 10, 11,12, 13, 14, 15, composed there for the royal family, for the first time. At London Mozart had the opportunity to meet famous composers as Johann Christian Bach or the singer Giovanni Manzuoli. As a follow up of the meeting with Johann Christian Bach he composed K. 107.
While the public concerts were a great financial success, the family endured other problems. Wolfgang's father Leopold fell heavily sick for seven weeks, and the family relocated to the (former) suburb of Chelsea. There, the children were forbidden from playing music, as the house had to be quiet. During this time W.A. Mozart composed his first symphonies. The Chelsea works of Wolfgang were noted in the "London Sketchbook". Sister Nannerl composed her own, called "Capricci" (lost today).
The Mozart family visited Canterbury between July 24 and 31 1765 upon returning from London and heading back to the continent. Via Lille they continued their travels through Belgium to the Netherlands.