Great Britain | London
MOZART'S STAY IN LONDON
23.4. - 6.8.1764 ● Around 25.9.1764 - 24.7.1765
London was the northern-most town of the Mozart's' "Great Western" trip. The family arrived in London on 23rd April 1764 and spent the better part of 1 1/2 years there. King George III and his wife Charlotte warmly welcomed the Mozarts. In fact, the Mozart children performed at Buckingham Palace no less than three times. Wolfgang dedicated various compositions to members of the royal family and met some of the best-known composers of the time. While the public concerts were a great financial success, the family endured other problems. Wolfgang's father Leopold fell heavily sick for seven weeks, and the family relocated to the (former) suburb of Chelsea. There, the children were forbidden from playing music, as the house had to be quiet. During this time, W.A. Mozart composed his first symphonies. The Chelsea works of Wolfgang were noted in the "London Sketchbook". Sister Nannerl composed her own, called "Capricci" (lost today).
London is represented in the association by a associated member the King´s College.
London was founded by the Romans in 43 BC as Londinium. Alfred the Great established this place as the English residence. With England's emergence as a world power, bustling commercial London underwent rapid population growth. By the 17th century, it housed over half a million citizens, until many lives were lost to the Plague of 1665 and the “Great Fire” of 1666. At the beginning of the 19th century, the city grew to be more than one million inhabitants.
The great inferno of 1666 destroyed practically the entire centre of London. But a new city emerged from the ashes, crowned with Christopher Wren's St. Paul Cathedral. St. Paul's also survived the bombs of WWII unscathed and ruled over the London skyline until the first massive office buildings of the 60s were built. Numerous historical buildings in the centre of London, festive ceremonies and an array of cultural activities make the British capital the largest attraction in the land.
London can claim over 40 important theatres, five symphony orchestras, the Royal Opera House and a large number of large-scale art galleries and museums. The South Bank on the bank of the Thames is a gigantic cultural centre with concert halls, art galleries and the National Theatre.
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