Austria | Salzburg
MOZART'S STAY IN SALZBURG
The city of Salzburg was W.A. Mozart's birthplace and home for over two third of his life. At the age of six, it was here where he wrote his first compositions. Following through with his first opera "Apollo et Hyacinthus" at the age of eleven. Later, as an organist and orchestra director, he was provided with a regular income by the duke archbishops of Salzburg.
The economic wealth of the town during this time was based on salt-mining. The salz in the town's name is the German word for salt. The town's river was a main artery for transporting salt mined in nearby mountains.
In 1077 the fortress was constructed under the order of Archduke Gebhard.
Until 1803, the Archbishop of Salzburg was the ruler of the city and the surrounding territory. Successive archbishop princes moulded the town, with the most influential being Wolf Dietrich who was largely responsible for the shape of the city today. His influence saw the creation of the towering Salzburg cathedral, the Mirabell Garden, and other landmarks. The inner circle of the city belongs to the list of the UNESCO world heritage.
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