Haus der Stadtgeschichte
Herrnstraße 61, 63065 Offenbach am Main
Opening times: Mon closed
Tue, Thy, Fry 10.00 a.m. - 05 p.m.
Wed 02:00 p.m.- 07.00 p.m., Sat, Sun 11.00 a.m. - 04:00 p.m.
The house of the city history is the latest cultural institution in Offenbach: City museum and city archive were brought together to this unity. Followeing Mozart referring exhibit pieces can be visited.
portrait Johann Anton André
Of huguenot origin, the musically endowed family André was active since 1774 with her publishing company and the connected printers in music trade. The enterprise quickly developed to a significant music publisher of the region. Above all also this family carried, in the group with other equally minded forces, the mind life of the rural place at the Main. Goethe maintained in 1775 the narrowest contact with the owner of the company Johann André. In 1799 his son Johann Anton André whom you see on the issued portrait from Mozart widow Constanze in Vienna acquired the artistic reduction remained in their hands of the composer. With it nearly 45 percent of Mozart´s work - more than 273 handwritten works were - in the possession of the family. From 1800 to 1854 the Mozart's assets remained in our city, until a hereditary division occurred. About half a century it was published in Offenbach after the original marks, a total of 79 compositions - under it the world-famous serenade " a small night music " - have appeared in the Andréschen publishing company first expenses.
Only few weeks before the acquisition of the Mozart's assets Alois Senefelder, the Munich inventor of the lithography had been obliged, by Johann Anton André by contract to Offenbach. The lithography, called also lithography, was a new, quick and reasonable pressure technology whose supply has initiated the triumphal procession of modern planography procedures. In 1800 the lithography was applied in the Andréschen publishing company - for the first time worldwide - commercially: namely for the mark pressure. During the beginning years two brothers Johann Anton Andrés in France and England received the patent rights. In this manner international artists on the new procedure became attentive. For the first time it was possible, for example, drawings immediately - without multiplicating the insertion of a copperplate engraver - in the manuscript of the artist. You see early and earliest lithograph-graphic printings while pulling out the Gefache of both drawer cupboards. From her beginnings till the present the lithography with the biographies of significant artists is narrowly interweaved: Francisco de Goya, Honoré Daumier, Adolph von Menzel, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Edvard Munch, Paul Cézanne, Ernst-Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, Pablo Picasso or Salvador Dalí to call only some.
In the centre of the space you find the functioning copy of a lithographer's press of Alois Senefelder. In 1797 conceived, were put up such pressing in 1800 by the inventor in the printers of the open wild boar of music publisher Johann Anton André. This so-called "pole press" owns a folding frame for clamping of a sheet of paper. Besides a lithograph-graphically more preserved limestone provided with mirror-image label is positioned. If the frame is folded then about the stone, is occurred - with certain pressure of the foot on the lever on the ground - the deduction of the sheet through steadily heavy, pressing moving of the pad who is hung up on the right. This is led about the leather-horse-drawn back of the frame under which the sheet on the stone lies. The device is opened again and the lithography is drawn off from the stone. To special occasions the historical press is put into operation.